Year 2014 in ReviewEvery year new and informative studies are published that effect women and their health.  To help you keep up with some of the new information, below are a few of the studies that have been published this year.

Aspirin for preventing preeclampsia – The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended use of low dose aspirin after 12 weeks of pregnancy to help reduce the risk of preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, and early birth for women who are at risk of developing preeclampsia.

LeFevre ML. Low-Dose Aspirin Use for the Prevention of Morbidity and Mortality From Preeclampsia: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Ann Intern Med 2014.

Antidepressants and risk of congenital cardiac defects – Positive results were provided by a study that suggests taking antidepressants during pregnancy does not lead to congenital heart defects.

Huybrechts KF, Palmsten K, Avorn J, et al. Antidepressant use in pregnancy and the risk of cardiac defects. N Engl J Med 2014; 370:2397.

Antidepressants and risk of preterm delivery – A new study suggested that third trimester exposure to antidepressants was associated with a higher risk of preterm delivery. First trimester exposure was not associated with increased risk. They recommend the risks of medication be weighed against the untreated illness of depression during pregnancy.

Huybrechts KF, Sanghani RS, Avorn J, Urato AC. Preterm birth and antidepressant medication use during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One 2014; 9:e92778.

Additional benefits of delayed cord clamping – A delay in clamping the umbilical cord on newborns has shown to raise their neonatal hemoglobin levels and decrease admittance into neonatal care units and death for healthy self-breathing neonates.

Ersdal HL, Linde J, Mduma E, et al. Neonatal outcome following cord clamping after onset of spontaneous respiration. Pediatrics 2014; 134:265.

Value of placental examination in stillbirth – A study revealed that a microscopic examination of the placenta after stillbirth helps to determine the cause and contributing factors of the death of the fetus in 11-84% of cases.

Ptacek I, Sebire NJ, Man JA, et al. Systematic review of placental pathology reported in association with stillbirth. Placenta 2014; 35:552.

Physical activity reduces risk of type 2 diabetes after gestational diabetes

Evidence was found in a study that women with gestational diabetes can reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes by choosing an active lifestyle.  150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity a week or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity activity a week can lower your risk by 30-50%.

Bao W, Tobias DK, Bowers K, et al. Physical activity and sedentary behaviors associated with risk of progression from gestational diabetes mellitus to type 2 diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study. JAMA Intern Med 2014; 174:1047.

Fish consumption advisory – The US Food and Drug Administration and the US Environmental Protection Agency advised pregnant women and those who may become pregnant to consume 8-12 ounces of fish low in mercury each week.  Fish is high in DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and is found to be beneficial to a developing fetus.

Fish: What Pregnant Women and Parents Should Know. Draft Updated Advice by FDA and EPA http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodborneIllnessContaminants/Metals/ucm393070.htm (Accessed on June 13, 2014).

Read more interesting news for 2014 in our next blog post on Dec. 22.