A normal menstrual cycle lasts 28 days. If menstrual bleeding occurs more frequently than every 21 days or lasts longer the 8 days, it is considered to be irregular. Late, early, or missed periods are also considered to be signs of menstrual irregularity. Irregular periods can be related to several different issues:
- Anovulation – a condition where ovulation has not taken place during the menstrual cycle due to hormonal imbalance.
- Dysmenorrhea – menstrual pain.
- Ovulatory bleeding – heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding.
Common Causes of Menstrual Irregularities
Menstrual irregularities can be caused by a variety of conditions, including pregnancy, hormonal imbalances, infections, malignancies, diseases, trauma, and certain medications. The following are some other common causes:
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