Birth control shouldn’t make you feel sick or uncomfortable. Thankfully, there are many different types of hormonal birth control, so you have options. If you have side effects after using the pill for three months, talk with your health care provider about trying another brand of hormonal birth control pill, a different dose, or another birth control method. But don’t stop taking the pill without starting a new method, or you won’t be protected from pregnancy.
Types of Hormonal Birth Control
Birth control pills are oral contraceptives that contain small amounts of hormones. The hormones in birth control pills work to prevent pregnancy by stopping ovulation or releasing an egg from the ovary. Some birth control pills also temporarily change the uterus lining, so it’s less likely that a fertilized egg will implant.
Combination pills contain synthetic forms of the hormones estrogen and progesterone (called progestin in its synthetic form). Estrogen controls the menstrual cycle. Estrogen levels are highest in the middle of your cycle and lowest when you have your period. Progesterone prepares the uterus for pregnancy after ovulation by thickening the endometrium. High progesterone levels also prevent ovulation.
Combination hormonal birth control pills come in a 28-pack. Most pills in each cycle are active, which means they contain hormones. The remaining pills are inactive, which means they don’t contain hormones.
Progestin Only Pills
Progestin-only pills contain progestin (synthetic progesterone) without estrogen. This type of pill is also called the minipill.
Progestin-only pills are a good choice for people who can’t take estrogen for health or other reasons, like a history of stroke, heart disease, or cancer. You should also avoid estrogen if you’re over 35 and smoke, as this combination can increase your risk of developing a blood clot.
With progestin-only pills, all pills in the cycle are active. There are no inactive pills, so you may or may not have a period while taking progestin-only pills.
When To Consult Your Health Care Professional
Different types of hormonal birth control pills contain different doses of estrogen and progestin. Your health care provider can help you decide which type is right for you. If you have side effects that make you feel sick, talk with your health care provider about trying a different brand or different dose.
There are many different methods of birth control. By learning more about all the options and the side effects for each, you and your health care provider may decide it’s time to try another method.
Are you in Northwest Arkansas and have questions about which type of hormonal birth control is right for you? Contact us today. Our caring staff at Creekside Center for Women is dedicated to helping women like you with all your healthcare needs. 479.5829268